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生态科普展览的环境—行为关系研究——以成都博物馆“人与自然:贝林捐赠展”为例
张元元,智晓婷
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摘要:
环境心理学致力于研究个人及其周围环境之间的相互作用,可以帮助博物馆实现更好的教育效果。本研究以环境心理学中环境—行为关系为理论视角,剖析科普展览中的环境—行为关系,解读科普展览如何从生理、心理、价值观层面对观众进行唤醒并产生效果,最终实现展览的教育目标。本研究以成都博物馆“人与自然:贝林捐赠展”为研究对象,采用非参与式观察法、访谈法及内容分析法了解科普展览对观众的唤醒方式及效果,并且在此基础上从三个层面提出展览设计思路建议,以利科普展览更好地实现教育目的。
关键词:  博物馆  环境心理学  环境—行为关系  唤醒理论  生态展览 A Research on Popular Science of Ecological Exhibition from the Perspective of Environment-Behavior Relation——A Case Study on the “Human and Nature:Behring Donation Exhibition”in Chengdu Museum Zhang Yuanyuan Zhi Xiaoting
DOI:
基金项目:
A Research on Popular Science of Ecological Exhibition from the Perspective of Environment-Behavior Relation——A Case Study on the “Human and Nature:Behring Donation Exhibition”in Chengdu Museum
Zhang Yuanyuan,Zhi Xiaoting
()
Abstract:
The environmental psychology is committed to studying the interaction between individuals and their surrounding environment, which may help museum to achieve better education effects. Taking the theoretical perspective of environment-behavior relation from environmental psychology, this study analyzes the environmental-behavior relation between the popular science exhibition and visitors, and then interprets how the popular science exhibition arouses visitors and the arousal effects from three levels:physiology, psychology and values, and finally achieve the educational goals of popular science exhibition. The study selected “Human and Nature:Behring Donation Exhibition”in Chengdu Museum as an example, using non-participatory observation, interview and content analysis methods to analyze the arousal effects. In order to better achieve the educational goals of popular science exhibitions, the idea of research design is mainly proposed from three levels in this paper.
Key words:  museum, environmental psychology, environment-behavior relation, arousal theory, ecological exhibition

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