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民族志的兴趣与“人类学式”的收藏?——伦敦科学博物馆20世纪的中国“科学”器物收藏与展览
朱敬
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摘要:
本文分析了19—20世纪以来中国器物在伦敦科学博物馆与展览空间中的角色,包括来自亨利·威尔康姆(Henry Wellcome)的中国医药收藏,以及1938年梅乐和爵士(Frederick Maze)策划的中国帆船展览。本文认为伦敦科学博物馆对于中国器物有着“人类学式”的收藏观,其兴趣往往在于保存那些在机械的冲击下快要消失的传统工艺,这一点与民族志博物馆的思想与实践类似。探索人类学和民族志博物馆的收藏史,对于理解中国“科学器物”在西方博物馆中扮演的角色十分重要,也可以窥见在19—20世纪以来知识与物质文化的全球流通中,不同文化体系中对于科学器物理解的复杂性。
关键词:  科学博物馆  科学器物  收藏  展览  人类学 EthnographicInterests and “Anthropological” Collecting? ——The 20th Century Chinese “Scientific” Implements Collection and Exhibition at London Science Museum Zhu Jing
DOI:
基金项目:
EthnographicInterests and “Anthropological” Collecting? ——The 20th Century Chinese “Scientific” Implements Collection and Exhibition at London Science Museum
Zhu Jing
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Abstract:
This paper analyses the role Chinese implements play at London Science Museum and in its exhibition spaces since 19th-20th century, including Henry Wellcome's Chinese medical collection and Fredrick Maze's Chinese sailings exhibition in 1938. This paper proposes that the Chinese implements represent the anthropological collection value of London Science Museum, which is generally interested in preserving those vanishing traditional crafts by the shock of machine production. This value is similar to the concept and practice of ethnography museums. The exploration to collecting history of anthropology and ethnography museums is vital for understanding the role of Chinese “scientific implements” in western countries' museums. Through the exploration, we can also get a glimpse of the complexity of understanding scientific implements from different culture systems, which is under the circumstance of the global communication of knowledge and material culture since 19th-20th century.
Key words:  science museum, scientific implements, collection, exhibition, anthropology

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