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以儿童视角创设真实世界的生活情境——浅析科技馆儿童展厅创新设计理念
苏昕,王家伟
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摘要:
当前科技馆儿童展厅展览设计存在过早学科化和过度娱乐化的问题。本文将儿童认知发展理论、教育游戏理论和情境学习理论相结合,认为儿童科学教育应构建一个能激励儿童探索欲望,还原科学实验的过程和相关方法,可以让儿童获得“直接经验”的有故事有温度的真实情境,以此激发儿童的创造力和提高科学学习的兴趣。通过对沙迦探索中心和日本大阪儿童博物馆的分析,强调以儿童视角来模拟体验真实世界的生活场景这一方式,为创新设计儿童展厅的新理念提供思路。
关键词:  科技馆  儿童展厅  展览设计  儿童视角  生活情境 Create Real-World Living Situations from the Perspective of Children——An Analysis on Innovative Design Concept of Children's Exhibition Hall of Science and Technology Museum Su Xin Wang Jiawei
DOI:
基金项目:
Create Real-World Living Situations from the Perspective of Children——An Analysis on Innovative Design Concept of Children's Exhibition Hall of Science and Technology Museum
Su Xin,Wang Jiawei
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Abstract:
The current problem children's exhibition halls of science and technology museums have, is excessively discipline-oriented and entertainment-oriented design in their exhibitions. Through combining children's cognitive development theory, educational game theory and contextual learning theory, this paper believes that science education for children should build a process and related methodology, which can stimulate children's desire to explore, and restore scientific experiment. Also a real, warm and story-like situation that makes children obtain “direct experience”, could stimulate children's creativity and improve their interest in science learning. By analyzing the Sharjah Discovery Center and the Osaka Children's Museum in Japan, this paper emphasizes the way of simulating and experiencing real-world life scenes from the perspective of children, and provides ideas of innovating design concept for children's exhibition halls.
Key words:  science and technology museum, children's exhibition hall, exhibition design, children's perspective, living situation

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