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英美科技类博物馆面向特殊儿童及其家庭的教育现状研究
张佳怡,顾怡雯,鲍贤清
0
()
摘要:
科技类博物馆作为公共科普教育的重要阵地,为全民提供平等、多元和包容的科学教育是其社会责任与使命。鉴于此,特殊儿童及其家庭逐渐成为科技类博物馆关注的对象。我国博物馆的分众教育发展起步较晚,故面向特殊儿童及其家庭的教育服务尚未普及。本文采用案例分析法,对英国、美国科技类博物馆相关案例进行整理、筛选、分析和比较,归纳得出受众明确类(行动障碍型儿童及其家庭、学习障碍型儿童及其家庭)和受众未明确类两种类型,并对博物馆提供给行动障碍型、学习障碍型儿童及其家庭的教育服务异同点进行比较分析。希望为我国科技类博物馆提供可借鉴的经验和启发。
关键词:  科技类博物馆;特殊儿童及其家庭;科普教育
DOI:
基金项目:2018年上海市教育科学研究项目“基于上海市博物馆资源的中小学STEAM教育研究”,编号:C18086。 ② 〖ZK
Research on the Current Situation of Education for Special Children and their Families in Science and Technology Museums in the United Kingdom and the United States
Zhang Jiayi,Gu Yiwen,Bao Xianqing
()
Abstract:
As an important position of public science education, science and technology museum has the social responsibility and mission to provide all citizens with equal, diversified, and inclusive science education. In view of this, special children and their families have gradually become the focus of science and technology museums. The development of the ‘demassification’ of museum education in China started relatively late, so the educational services for special children and their families have not been popularized. Therefore, this article uses the case analysis method. Through data collection, sorting and filtering, the authors finally choose to take several cases of science and technology museums in the United Kingdom and the United States as examples for analysis and comparison. The author concludes that there are two types of specify audiences (action disabled children and their families and learning disabled children and their families) and undefined audiences, and makes a comparative analysis of the similarities and differences of educational services provided for action disabled, learning disabled children and their families. This article hopes to provide some experience and inspiration for science and technology museums in China.
Key words:  science and technology museum, special children and their families, science popularization education

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