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博物馆里的科技、时间与历时性——叙事式科技观和我国科技博物馆的新使命
沈辛成
0
()
摘要:
西方科技博物馆在两次变革中调整了科技与时间的关系,科技的历时性在科学中心的呈现中普遍缺失。科技与时间的脱钩是欧美特定历史条件下的产物,并非因为科技本身所具有的恒定性。我国科技博物馆的使命应当立足于本土条件与现实需要,在吸收科学中心优势的同时,着力将科技与时间统一起来,采用叙事式科技观,展示科技的历时性变化及其与社会互动的复杂度。
关键词:  科技博物馆;历时性;叙事式科技观
DOI:
基金项目:
Science and Technology, Time and Diachrony: The Viewpoint of Narrative in Science and Technology and the New Missions of Science and Technology Museums in China
Shen Xincheng
()
Abstract:
The relationship between technology and time was readjusted twice in the evolvement of science and technology museums (S&T museums) in the western countries. This leads to the absence of diachrony of technology, which is commonly seen among science centers. The “timelessness” of technology, however, is rather historically conditioned than the constancy of itself. S&T museums in China need to embrace local conditions and practical needs in their mission and doing so by assimilating the advantages of S&T museums, making an effort on situating S&T in time, and building an encompassing narrative that not only reveals the development of diachrony of S&T, but also its complex social interaction.
Key words:  science and technology museum, diachrony, narrative

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