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“公民神父”与法国工艺收藏馆——论启蒙运动、法国大革命对科技博物馆发展的影响
戴碧云
0
()
摘要:
启蒙运动时期,狄德罗主编的《百科全书》收入了大量工业生产技术的词条,图解机器操作和制作工艺,系统总结匠人生产知识和技术经验。法国大革命爆发后,格雷古瓦神父受此影响,推动国民公会在1794年创办了法国工艺收藏馆。工艺收藏馆用机械实物及模型呈现了启蒙运动重要文本《百科全书》的机械技艺内容。启蒙运动和法国大革命影响了格雷古瓦神父,格雷古瓦神父希冀以工艺收藏馆来提高民族工业,推动大众科学。
关键词:  法国工艺收藏馆;格雷古瓦神父;启蒙运动;狄德罗《百科全书》 Abbé Grégoire and the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers:A Discussion on the Influence of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution on the Development of Science and Technology Museums Dai Biyun
DOI:
基金项目:
Abbé Grégoire and the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers:A Discussion on the Influence of the Enlightenment and the French Revolution on the Development of Science and Technology Museums
Dai Biyun
()
Abstract:
The Encyclopédie which was edited by Diderot and published during the Enlightenment, included a large number of industrial production technology and also illustrated machine operation and production processes. Deeply affected by this book, Abbé Grégoire promoted the National Convention to establish the Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers in 1794. The Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers presented the mechanical contents from the Encyclopédie through mechanical objects and models. Under the influence of the enlightenment and French revolution, Abbé Grégoire sought to promote the development of national industry and science popularization by the establishment of Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers.
Key words:  Conservatoire des Arts et Métiers, Abbé Grégoire, The Enlightenment, Encyclopédie by Diderot

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