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试论以观众为中心的策展实践启示——从美国的“教育策展人”说起
王思怡
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摘要:
随着教育成为博物馆最主要的功能之一,博物馆对教育的重视程度与日俱增,教育活动与项目纷纷推出。但值得注意的是,展览中的教育元素仍未有效体现或并未与教育活动交相呼应,在策展过程中,教育人员常常被排除在策展团队之外。这也导致了国内展览的教育价值无法充分发挥,展教结合的愿景仍然任重道远;而2017年美国博物馆协会年会上,“教育策展人”(Edu-curator)的概念首次被提出,同时,教育人员等其他社会成员加入策展,形成以观众为中心的合作策展模式也在近两年时间内在美国各博物馆兴起。这值得国内博物馆界参考与借鉴,相应实践也可以成为一种学习启示。
关键词:  博物馆;教育策展人;范式转变;合作策展;以观众为中心A Discussion on the Enlightenment from Visitor-Centered Curatorial Practice:Under the perspective of“Edu-curator” in the U.S.A Wang Siyi
DOI:
基金项目:
A Discussion on the Enlightenment from Visitor-Centered Curatorial Practice:Under the perspective of“Edu-curator” in the U.S.A
Wang Siyi
()
Abstract:
As the role of education becomes more and more important in museums, museum shows a strong emphasis on it by developing and offering a variety of educational programs. But it is noteworthy that educational elements of exhibitions are not effectively presented or failed to interconnect with educational programs. Educators have been always excluded from the curating teams, which led to difficulties of realizing the educational value of exhibitions in China. The vision of combining exhibition with education is still a long-term task. The concept of Edu-curator was first proposed in the 2017 Annual Meeting of American Alliance of Museums. Since then, various social elites, such as educators, participants of exhibition designing, have gradually contributed to the formation and popularization of visitor-centered cooperative curating modes among American museums. This phenomenon provides a useful reference and practical enlightenment to domestic museums.
Key words:  museum, edu-curator, shifted pattern, collaborative curating, visitor-centered

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