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基于《课标》的馆校结合探究式学习单的设计实践
邹洪瑶
0
()
摘要:
科技馆展览学习单是引导观众参观和自我学习的资料,运用在馆校结合中,是协助教师指导学生参观和学习的有效工具。馆校结合中适用的学习单既要有科技馆的特点,又要满足学校的需求,因此,基于展品引导探究并对接中小学《科学课程标准》,是馆校结合学习单的显著特征。本文从科技馆教育的特点出发,论述了馆校结合中,开发基于中小学《科学课程标准》的探究式学习单的必要性,用对比的方法,分析了这类学习单的特征。同时,在学习单的设计上,本文着重介绍了“分解展品,逐步引导”“还原故事,探索重现”“知识升级,层层递进”三种设计思路。
关键词:  科技馆;学习单;探究;课标 The Designing Practice of Inquiry Learning Sheet for the Museum-School Collaboration Plan Based on Science Curriculum Standards Zou Hongyao
DOI:
基金项目:
The Designing Practice of Inquiry Learning Sheet for the Museum-School Collaboration Plan Based on Science Curriculum Standards
Zou Hongyao
()
Abstract:
The learning sheets provided in exhibition halls of science and technology museums, are regarded as a kind of guidance for museum visiting and self-learning references for the audience. They are also effective supporting tools for teachers during museum visiting in museum-school collaboration model. Learning sheets should not only highlight characteristics of a science and technology museum, but also meet needs of schools. Therefore, the designing of learning sheets should both match science curriculum standards for primary and secondary schools and guide inquiry learning by using exhibits in science and technology museums. This paper discusses the necessity of developing inquiry learning sheets for the museum-school collaboration plan that based on science curriculum standards and analyzes inquiry learning sheets' characteristics by comparison. Also, this paper emphasizes three design ideas in those sheets' designing practice, which are “breaking down the classifications of exhibits and conducting a step-by-step guidance”, “restoring the story background followed by an exploration and event reproduction”, as well as “the layer-wise progressive updating of the relevant knowledge”.
Key words:  science and technology museums, inquiry learning sheets, inquiry, Science Course Curriculum Standards

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