引用本文:[点击复制]
[点击复制]
【打印本页】 【下载PDF全文】 查看/发表评论下载PDF阅读器关闭

←前一篇|后一篇→

过刊浏览    高级检索

本文已被:浏览 57次   下载 58 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
近代航海导航技术的见证——六分仪
司宏伟
0
()
摘要:
六分仪是一种测定地平线与天体之间角度的光学仪器,是18世纪末至20世纪中期航海的主要导航仪器,在人类认识地球、利用海洋的伟大事业中发挥了重要作用,在科学史上具有一定地位。本文通过这件藏品,介绍六分仪的构造原理和发明历史,揭秘藏品及其捐赠者背后的故事,为同行研究提供一定参考。
关键词:  六分仪;光学仪器;航海;科学史
DOI:
基金项目:
Sextant:A Witness of Modern Navigation Techniques
Si Hongwei
()
Abstract:
From April to May 2019, adonated sextant was shown to the public on the exhibition of “A Century of Instruments” in Tsinghua University Science Museum.Sextant, an instrument for determining the angle between the horizon and a celestial bodysuch as the Sun, the Moon, or a star, is used in celestial navigation to determine latitude and longitude. It was an important invention and played an important role in the development of human navigation in the history of science. This article describes the specific situation of sextant, introduces the sextant's construction principle and invention history, and reveals the story behind it and its donor. It provides a reference for peer research.
Key words:  Sextant; Optical instrument; Navigation; Science museum; History of science

用微信扫一扫

用微信扫一扫