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科技藏品的多维信息与多维传播——以“解密编钟”系列教育活动为例
张文娟,袁辉
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摘要:
博物馆越来越重视“教育”目标,关注藏品的“非物质遗产”。科技藏品所承载的知识、过程、方法、态度、价值观以及社会环境等多维信息,是其教育价值所在,是设置和实现其多维教育目标的依据,需要多维的传播和教育形式来实现。中国科技馆基于战国编钟仿制品,开展“解密编钟”系列主题教育活动,通过多维设计,带领观众探索编钟的乐理发声、青铜冶铸、纹饰内涵、历史文化、社会环境等多维信息,为科技藏品的传播提供了新思路。本教育活动采用基于设计的研究方法开发教案,经过实施与评估,证明了多维传播与教育设计框架和案例的有效性。
关键词:  科技博物馆;科技藏品;多维信息;多维传播;教育活动 Multidimensional Information and Multidimensional Communication of Science and Technology Collections——Taking the Thematic Education Activity Explore Chimes' Mystery as an Example Zhang Wenjuan Yuan Hui
DOI:
基金项目:
Multidimensional Information and Multidimensional Communication of Science and Technology Collections——Taking the Thematic Education Activity Explore Chimes' Mystery as an Example
Zhang Wenjuan,Yuan Hui
()
Abstract:
At present, more and more attention has been paid on educational goals and the intangible nature of exhibits by museums. Multidimensional information, including knowledge, processes, methods, attitudes, values and social environment, truly reflects the educational value of science and technology collections. It is also the basis to set the goals of multidimensional education, which need to be realized through multidimensional communication and educational activities. Taking the imitation of chime bells in Warring States period as center, China Science and Technology Museum organized a series of educational activities on the theme of Explore Chimes' Mystery. The audience was guided to explore the multidimensional information such as musical theory of Chimes, bronze smelting casting, the connotation of its decoration patterns, the history and culture and the social environment, etc. It provides new ideas for the public communication of ancient science and technology collections. This paper uses a design-based research method to develop a lesson plan, in which multidimensional communication/educational design framework was applied and proven to be effective by post-activity assessment.
Key words:  science and technology museums, science and technology collections, multidimensional information, multidimensional communication, educational activities

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