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博物馆展览资源与学校基础课程内容相结合 ——上海自然博物馆基于课程标准的教育活动开发思路
刘雅竹,顾洁燕
0
()
摘要:
馆校结合中的常见问题,原因在于博物馆对课程标准关注不够、缺少与学校教学内容对接的教育活动、展览资源的科学教育功能未能充分发挥;而目前学校教师对于博物馆教育资源及其特有教育方式不熟悉,也使学生的学习收效不佳。为此,上海自然博物馆以对接《科学课程标准》为突破口,从课程标准和目前学校教学的薄弱环节着手,依托展览资源,自主开发探究型教育活动。实施表明,上述思路和措施不仅使学生增进了对课程内容的理解,同时也促进了博物馆教育功能和价值的充分实现。
关键词:  自然博物馆;馆校合作;展览资源;课程标准
DOI:
基金项目:
Combination of Museum Resources and School Basic Courses ——Development Idea of Education Activities Based on Curriculum Standards in Shanghai Natural History Museum
Liu Yazhu,Gu Jieyan
()
Abstract:
The causes of the problems that often arise in the museum-school cooperation are as follows:museum is paying little attention to the curriculum standards; lack of education activities which connect with school education content; the scientific education function of the exhibition resources has not been fully exploited. At present, school teachers are not familiar with the museum educational resources and their unique educational methods with inefficient learning of students. For this purpose, the museum tries to combine “science curriculum standards” with museum resources as a breach, proceed from the school curriculum standards and current weaknesses in school teaching, based on exhibition resources, developed independent educational activities. Assessment result shows the above ideas and measures not only enable students to enhance the understanding of the content of the course, but also promote the full realization of the museum education functions.
Key words:  natural history museum, museum-school cooperation, exhibition resources, curriculum standards

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