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科学课程标准对科技博物馆科学教育的启示
叶兆宁
0
()
摘要:
本文通过分析,提出近年来科学教育的两个重要进展,一是对科学学习目标与过程的重新认识;二是STEM教育的异军突起。在进一步分析2013年美国颁布的《新一代科学教育标准》和我国刚刚颁布的《小学科学课程标准》中对目前科学教育变革应对的具体表现之后,对科技博物馆教育活动的设计提出三点启示:一是科技博物馆教育活动应该成为学生开展科学与工程实践的重要场所;二是科技博物馆教育活动设计需要考虑大概念和儿童学习的进程,开发适合不同年龄层次儿童需求的有结构的探索活动;三是结合STEM教育与创客教育,需要大力发展跨学科综合类学习活动。
关键词:  科学教育;课程标准;科技博物馆;教育活动
DOI:
基金项目:
The Inspiration of Science Curriculum Standards to the Educational Activities in Science and Technology Museum
Ye Zhaoning
()
Abstract:
This paper analyses and describes two important advances in science education in recent years. The first is a new understanding of objectives and process for science learning; the second is the booming of the unique STEM Education. After conducted the further analysis on the Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) enacted by American in 2013 and Science Curriculum Standard for Chinese Primary School released by MOE of China just now about the specific performance of science education reform, we draw 3 inspirations from the design for educational activities in science and technology museums:first of all, the educational activities of science and technology museums should become an important place for students to carry out the Science and Engineering Practice; secondly, the design for the educational activities needs to think about the big idea and the process of children learning and develop the structured exploration activities for children of different ages; thirdly, we need to develop crosscutting comprehensive learning activities aiming of combining STEM education with Maker Education.
Key words:  Science Standard, Curriculum Standard, Science and Technology Museum, educational activities

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