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自然博物馆低龄观众讲解的“六字法”
高源,白兮,叶晔
0
()
摘要:
低龄儿童是自然博物馆的主体观众之一,已成为自然博物馆不可忽视的群体。由于低龄儿童的思维特点是以具体形象思维为主,故应注重引导幼儿通过直接感知、亲身体验和实际操作进行科学学习。笔者结合多年实践,针对低龄儿童讲解提出 “六字法”,即加、减、慢、短、动、控,并结合具体实例进行解释。
关键词:  自然博物馆;展览讲解;低龄观众;“六字法”
DOI:
基金项目:
How to Use “a Formula of Six Characters” to Attract Preschool Children in the Science Museum?
Gao Yuan,Bai Xi,Ye Ye
()
Abstract:
Preschoolers are one of major visitor groups in the science museum, so it is necessary for the science museum to engage in attracting and satisfying this group. Because children tend to be imaginative other than thinking abstractly, the hands-on activities are the suitable tools to learn science on their own by experiencing directly. According to years of practice, we introduce a new formula for explainers with six characters, which includes ‘add, reduce, slow, short, move and control’, aiming to attract preschoolers in the science museum. Besides, some examples are listed for further illustrations in this paper.
Key words:  science museum, explainer, preschool children, ‘a formula of six-character’

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