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论“博物馆教育者”的重要作用: 对博物馆领域专业化的迫切要求
大卫·安德森
0
()
摘要:
随着博物馆在全球范围内承担的教育任务和社会责任愈发重要,博物馆工作人员需要具备相应的技能来完成这些重要任务。因此,越来越凸显出“博物馆教育者”在博物馆职业发展中的重要作用。博物馆领域需要职业的教育者,他们理解当代教育理论和实践,掌握多种技能,使博物馆能够更加有效地完成教育使命。本文认为博物馆教育者的培训和认证是博物馆领域和大学教育新的发展前沿。随着中国博物馆数量的稳步增长,以及博物馆须对公众和社会文化做出贡献的政策要求,中国的博物馆对博物馆领域专业化的要求尤为迫切。
关键词:  博物馆教育;职业化;培训;学习体验;大学专业
DOI:
基金项目:
The Vital Role of the “Museum Educator”: a Call to Further Professionalize the Field
David Anderson Translated by Fu Guopeng
()
Abstract:
As museums around the world contemplate the growing significance of their educational roles and mandate within society, so too are they increasingly realizing the skills and capacities needed of their staffs in order to achieve their educational missions. Accordingly, the vital role of the “museum educator” as museum professional is gaining significant attention. The skills and capacities required of museum educators are diverse, and the museum field needs highly skilled museum professionals who understand contemporary educational theory and practice if they are to be effective in their educational missions. In this paper, I argue that the training and credentialing of museum educators are a new and promising frontier for the museum field and for university-based education. Furthermore, the credentialing of professional museum educators in the museum field is of particular importance in China given the steady growth of new museum institution and their mandate, through government policy, to contribute to the literacies of the general public and society.
Key words:  museum education, professionalization, training, learning, university programs

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