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浅议科技博物馆中的创客活动
张进宝
0
()
摘要:
近几年,创客成为世界范围内教育发展的热点。创客之所以能够进入中国的各类教育系统是源自多方的影响因素。然而,当前被大谈特谈的“创客教育”实际上是一个伪概念,根本就不存在有实质意义的“创客教育”,其本质只是一种遵循了建构主义思想的学习方式而已。开展创客活动的关键是构建良好的创客空间,而科技博物馆天然具有这方面的优势。美国旧金山探索馆的巧匠工作室的成功案例,是中国科技博物馆学习的楷模。科技博物馆开展创客活动需要从三个方面着手:(1)构建良好的创客空间环境;(2)走出高技术创客项目开发的误区;(3)汇聚全社会的能工巧匠,开发适合本馆特点的创客活动。
关键词:  科技博物馆;创客空间;探索馆;巧匠工作室;创客活动
DOI:
基金项目:
Maker Activities at the Science and Technology Museum
Zhang Jinbao
()
Abstract:
In recent years, maker space has become the hotspot for worldwide educational development in the world. The reason behind that maker activities being introduced into China has determined by many factors. However, the current widespread talk of “Maker Education” is a false concept for lack of substantial content. As a matter of fact, this type of education essentially has been guided by Constructivist Learning Theory. The key to organize maker activities is to build high-quality maker space. As for the science and technology museum, they have natural advantages in that regard. This paper describes the success stories of Thinker Studio in the Exploratorium, San Francisco in U.S.A, which can be regarded as the model for the science and technology museums in China. This paper identifies three key aspects in implementation of maker activities at the science and technology museum:(1) building a favorable environment for maker space; (2) Correcting the misunderstandings of “high-tech” projects in making, (3) bringing together the artisans and makers of the whole society, and developing distinctive activities at your own museum.
Key words:  science and technology museum, maker space, the Exploratorium, Thinker Studio, maker activities

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