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基于科学与工程实践的跨学科探究式学习 ——科技馆STEM教育相关重要概念的探讨
朱幼文
0
()
摘要:
目前国内对于STEM教育和科技馆教育的理解有一些误区,使某些科技馆STEM教育项目“有其形而无其神”。通过文献研究、教育学分析和案例分析,本文提出:STEM教育的基本特征是“基于科学与工程实践的跨学科探究式学习”;科技馆展示教育的基本特征是“通过模拟再现的科技实践,为观众营造探究式学习的情境,从而使观众获得直接经验”;实践、探究式学习、直接经验是二者的共同要素。本文由此提出:基于科技馆展品开展STEM教育具有天然优势,不仅可使二者互补相长;而且通过“形神兼备”的STEM教育,可使科技馆展示教育本应具有的功能得以充分实现,并成为提升展示教育效果的突破口。
关键词:  科技馆;STEM教育;概念;基本特征;开发思路
DOI:
基金项目:
Interdisciplinary Inquiry Learning Based on Science and Engineering Practice——Discussion about Key Concepts Relevant to STEM Education in Science Centers
Zhu Youwen
()
Abstract:
There still exists some misunderstandings of STEM and science education in domestic science centers, which leading a lack of deep intension in their STEM projects. Based on document research, pedagogical analysis and case analysis, it is proposed in this paper that:the basic feature of STEM education is “interdisciplinary inquiry learning based on science and engineering practice”; the basic feature of education through exhibits in science centers is “to create the scenarios of inquiry learning through technological practice represented in simulation, so that audiences can obtain the direct experience”; practice, inquiry learning and direct experience are common elements for both. Therefore, it is proposed that:it shall be full of unique advantages in developing STEM education based on exhibits in science centers, which their respective advantages can be complementary to each other; education in science centers can be fully realized when the STEM education is in unity of form and spirit, and it will be a breakthrough for improving the quality of education.
Key words:  science centers, STEM education, concept, essential feature, development idea

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