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科学博物馆与科学中心——演化路径与当代趋势
伯纳德·希尔,高秋芳
0
()
摘要:
将科学博物馆、科学中心、探索中心等互动型科学博物馆与中心统称为科学博物馆与科学中心(简称为SMC)。在澄清SMC内涵的基础上,按SMC的展示理念变迁将其发展的三个历史阶段划分为:技术史展示阶段,展示现代科学和增强科学知识阶段,促进科学大众化与知识扩散阶段。并在公众与科学技术新的互动社会与环境下,指出SMC面临的挑战,提出SMC向第四个阶段,即注重科学技术与社会的关系和尊重公众的主动地位阶段演进的趋势。在科学与社会互动的语境中全面思考科学博物馆与科学中心的定位与演进趋势。
关键词:  科学博物馆;科学中心;科学传播;演化;趋势
DOI:
基金项目:
Science Museums and Centres —Evolution and Contemporary Trends
Bernard Schiele Translated by,Gao Qiufang
()
Abstract:
Based on grouping science museums, science centres and discovery centres under the acronym SMC, the definition and essence of SMCs are discussed. According to the changing overall philosophy of the SMC, three stages—displaying the history of technology, showing contemporary science and enhancing knowledge and making science accessible and facilitating knowledge appropriation—which they have gone through are categorized and looked into. Further, a new trend towards the fourth stage—relating science and technology to society—is discussed, we get insight into the evolutionand contemporary trends of SMCs in the context of interaction of science, technology and the society.
Key words:  science museum, science center, science communication, evolution, trend

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