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自然史博物馆解读性说明文字撰写要素 ——以美国史密森尼国家自然史博物馆为例
张昱
0
()
摘要:
“解读性说明文字”强调展览说明文字不仅仅是信息的呈现,更在于鼓励观众参与和增加展览的互动性,对自然史博物馆的信息传播起到了不可或缺的作用。本文通过结合美国文化遗产学家Freeman Tilden提出的六条解读原则,以及美国史密森尼国家自然史博物馆在解读性说明文字方面的成功经验,旨在分析自然史博物馆解读性说明文字撰写设计的关键要素——关联性、准确性、艺术性和互动性等。进而提炼出提升自然史博物馆解读性说明文字撰写水平的途径,为我国自然史博物馆展陈设计提供借鉴。
关键词:  自然史博物馆;展览;解读性说明文字;撰写要素
DOI:
基金项目:
Essential Elements of the Writing of Interpretive Labels in Natural History Museums ——Exemplified by Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History
Zhang Yu
()
Abstract:
Interpretive Labels emphasize on encouraging visitors' engagement and increasing the interactivity of exhibitions, not merely on the presentation of information. Therefore, interpretive labels play an indispensable role in the communication of natural history museums. This article will combine the 6 interpreting principles proposed by Freeman Tilden with the successful practices in Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History as well as analyze the essential elements influencing the writing of interpretative labels—connection, accuracy, artistry and interactivity. The terminal aim is to figure out the methods to improve the writing of interpretive labels, and help with the exhibition designing in our natural history museums.
Key words:  natural history museums, exhibitions, interpretive labels, key elements of label writing

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